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Beryl Reed Office Design April 12th, 2018 - 11:51:17
What lies ahead for occupancy ratios? As mobile technology improves as home working becomes more viable with bandwidth increases and as part-time working becomes more widespread so the need for one desk per person diminishes. Increasingly modern office design is moving towards a ratio of 7 or 8 desks for every 10 staff. The next question is then about saving money by reducing the overall office space rental or to perhaps give some of the space over to social and team purposes? One of the leading adopters of modern office design incorporating flexible working and shared desk allocation CISCO Systems works on a ratio of 160 sq ft per person. Clearly they havent used unallocated desks and mobile working as a cost-cutting measure.
This includes social areas meditation/prayer rooms games rooms etc. Businesses are realizing that employee retention rates increase if people like where they work and feel appreciated. Hoteling and Moteling is one of the latest design trends and are designed to cater to traveling employees who are not in the office full time. Hoteling and moteling allows these employees to reserve office space on an as needed basis. Designers have seen a huge increase in this type of office design and shows that businesses are accommodating all employees whilst reducing their additional office rental costs as fewer offices are needed.
Office Fit Out Costs Suggested price ranges: for a CAT B office fit out of £40 - £60 per square foot for a basic specification £60 - £80 psf for a mid-range scheme £80 - £100 psf for a high quality project and £120 + for projects incorporating outstanding office design ideas and quality. Typically these figures include separate professional fees for architects external project management and cost control that together account for the difference between Design & Build fit-out costs and the traditional examples quoted.
Having access to good artificial lighting or daylight is known to increase productivity. When people work under bad lighting conditions they can develop eyestrain headaches and general irritability. Particularly dark spaces can have a pronounced psychological effect and depress the brain. Employees should have access to their own lighting so that they can make the necessary lighting adjustments depending on the task they are carrying out. Well-designed artificial lighting will increase functionality however there is no comparison to natural daylight and this should be maximized wherever possible. Windows provide a connection to the outside world and should be used whenever the building design allows for it. Open plan layouts that employ low cubicle panels or glass panels can maximize the entry of natural light into the office. Skylights are also a good alternative when windows are not an option.