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Vicki Benjamin Office Design April 23rd, 2018 - 13:16:21
Having access to good artificial lighting or daylight is known to increase productivity. When people work under bad lighting conditions they can develop eyestrain headaches and general irritability. Particularly dark spaces can have a pronounced psychological effect and depress the brain. Employees should have access to their own lighting so that they can make the necessary lighting adjustments depending on the task they are carrying out. Well-designed artificial lighting will increase functionality however there is no comparison to natural daylight and this should be maximized wherever possible. Windows provide a connection to the outside world and should be used whenever the building design allows for it. Open plan layouts that employ low cubicle panels or glass panels can maximize the entry of natural light into the office. Skylights are also a good alternative when windows are not an option.
Office Fit Out Costs Suggested price ranges: for a CAT B office fit out of £40 - £60 per square foot for a basic specification £60 - £80 psf for a mid-range scheme £80 - £100 psf for a high quality project and £120 + for projects incorporating outstanding office design ideas and quality. Typically these figures include separate professional fees for architects external project management and cost control that together account for the difference between Design & Build fit-out costs and the traditional examples quoted.
According to a leading specialist office fit out & office refurbishment project management and cost consultancy firm in London typical 2012 fit-out costs for a modern office design can range from £45.00 psf for an office refurbishment in a logistics warehouse to £75.00 psf for a project that includes a significant upgrade to the building ventilation systems.A recently completed high specification project for a leading FTSE 100 company - at £62.50 psf - would have been at a much higher cost above £100 psf but the project re-used a considerable amount of fixtures and fittings from existing premises to achieve significant savings.
What lies ahead for occupancy ratios? As mobile technology improves as home working becomes more viable with bandwidth increases and as part-time working becomes more widespread so the need for one desk per person diminishes. Increasingly modern office design is moving towards a ratio of 7 or 8 desks for every 10 staff. The next question is then about saving money by reducing the overall office space rental or to perhaps give some of the space over to social and team purposes? One of the leading adopters of modern office design incorporating flexible working and shared desk allocation CISCO Systems works on a ratio of 160 sq ft per person. Clearly they havent used unallocated desks and mobile working as a cost-cutting measure.